Suffixes of Medical Terms

The root words of medical terminology explain the what. Prefixes explain howwhywherehow many,in which positionin which direction, or in which state or condition.  Suffixes explain the procedure,condition, or disease that relates to the root word, which points out the body part.

 

Medical Terminology – Suffixes
-ac pertaining to or related to
-al pertaining to or related to
-algia pain or discomfort
-ate use or subject ti
-cele protrusion such as a hernia
-centesis withdraw or aspirate fluid
-cle small
-cule small
-cyte cell
-desis surgical binding or fusion
-dynia pain or discomfort
-ectomy surgical removal or cutting out
-emesis vomit
-emia blood condition
-ent person or agent
-er person or agent
-esis condition or or state of
-form resembles, looks like, or shaped like
-genesis beginng process or origin
-genic produced by
-gram written record
-graph instrument that records
-graphy the process of recording
-ia or -iasis condition or or state of
-ism condition or theory
-ist person or agent
-ity condition or or state of
-ize use or subject to
-lysis breakdown, destruction, or separation
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry the process of measuring
-oid resembles, looks like, or shaped like
-ologist specialist
-ology the study of
-opsy view
-osis condition or or state of
-ostomy artificial surgical opening
-otomy surgical procedure to cut or incise
-ous pertaining to or related to
-penia deficiency
-pexis surgical fixation
-pexy surgical fixation
-phagia or -phagy eating
-phobia fear of
-plasia development or formation
-plasty reconstruction or reshaping
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing
-poiesis manufacture or production of
-ptosis drooping
-rrhage or -rrhagia suturing in place or fixation
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture or separation
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument used to examine
-scopy the process of examining
-sis condition or or state of
-spasm involuntary or unexpected
-tic pertaining to or related to
-tion condition or or state of
-tome instrument
-tripsy crushing
-trophic development or growth
-trophy development or growth
-ule small
-ulus small
-u condition or or state of

 

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