Logistics is the management of the flow of goods between the point of origin and the point of consumption. It is done to meet the requirements of either customers or shippers. The resources managed in logistics can include physical items such as food, materials, animals, equipment and liquids. It can also include abstract items, such as time, information, particles, and energy.
The logistics of physical items normally involves the integration of information flow, material handling, production, packaging, inventory, transportation, warehousing, and security. The complexity of logistics can be modeled, analyzed, visualized, and optimized by dedicated simulation software. The minimization of the use of resources is a common motivation in logistics for import and export. In other words, the goal of logistics is to streamline the process of moving goods from Point A to Point B.
Inbound logistics is one of the primary processes of logistics. Inbound logistics concentrates on purchasing and arranging the inbound movement of materials, parts, and/or finished inventory from suppliers to manufacturing or assembly plants, warehouses, or retail stores. Outbound logistics is the process related to the storage and movement of the final product and the related information flows from the end of the production line to the end user. The end user might be a wholesale warehouse, retail store, or retail customer.